Early settlers

The fourth millenium BC marks the start of the neolithic period. Scotland and Ireland were host to a number of early settlers. They brought with them their religious beliefs, an understanding of nature and the elements, and the technique of farming. This was the stone age. People made stone tools like axes, and began erecting stone circles, burial chambers and inscribing cup and ring markings on stones.

These cup and ring markings have puzzled historians for years. Various theories have been suggested for their meaning. One suggestion is that the stones were sacrificially used, and the radial groove outward is a gutter for blood. Another theory is that they may be maps to locate copper, tin or gold etc. Another states that the markings have an astrological significance, and may represent orbits of planets or movements of constellations. Another suggests the pattern of eternal life. Whatever, these cup and ring markings can be found in the Kilpatrick area.

One such stone was found in Drumchapel, near the Goals football complex, in an excavation in the 1930s by the archaeologist Ludovic Maclellan Mann, when he uncovered the Knappers henge, which he believed to be the site of a druids temple. This stone he believed was used as a sun altar, and the temple commemorated a solar eclipse. A sketch of these carvings, taken from Mann's An appeal to the nation: The Druid Temple near Glasgow is shown, left. Most cup and ring markings in southern Scotland are found below 400 feet and within a mile or two of the sea.